• "Alexander Ewing (1676-1738) and Descendants" by James R. McMichael for 'Clan Ewing' is particular useful on the basic origins of the family. This book is an update/ republication of the late Margaret Ewing Fife's 1995 works of her ancestors from southeast PA (Chester Co.) and Cecil Co Md ca 1700 to Georgia, TN, OH to name a few. The majority if not all Ewing ancestry is of ulster Scotch-Irish heritage meaning from Scotland via northern Ireland (ie. County Londonderry, Ulster, Ireland)has been a general concensus in research thus far. They were of Presbyterian affiliation. The Scotch-Irish were rugged and seasonally hardened colonial settlers who pressed well into the unsettled native american territory before other groups. This was not neccesarily by choice and desire to explore but by force as discussed by McMichael (?). Although the focus has been on those ewing pioneers migrating from and out of Pennsylvania, there were at least several ewing groups that remained in Pennsylvania to settled Cumberland Carson & Wooley and other western counties. Many pioneers in early european America are unidentified and unrecorded at least in part due to early westward migration against governmental warnings and prohibitions before the western territory land office was opened in 1752 and massive migrations as a consequence of the revolutionary war [Note: Cumberland county was only a territory and formed from Lancaster in ca 1750].

    1. "Alexander Ewing (1676-1738) and Descendants" :Ireland to America in 1727, James R. McMichael, 1999
    2. Clan Ewing
    3. "Our Ewing Heritage: with related families", Betty J Durbin Carson & Doris M. Durbin Wooley; Heritage Books, Inc.
  • Any one of the early ewings in southeast PA could be our forefather. One of the earliest PA ewings was James Ewing of the Hopewell NJ settlement in 1700 described by Carson & Wooley as a possible progenitor of the Cumberland couty ewings and forefather of Thomas Ewing who settled what would become Lebanon (formed 1813) and Lancaster (formed 1729) counties between ca 1720-1750. An Alexander Ewing (ca 1777-1780) described by J Simpson Africa in and of Huntingdon Co PA was a "devout Presbyterian" whose family was in Lancaster PA in 1809. His land tract (1786) of Franklin twp preserves the north of Ireland name "Aughnacloy". Another Alexander Ewing of Southeastern PA described by Carson & Wooley was also born in Londonderry Ireland ca 1731. It has been said that this Alexander was the progenitor of Ewings in north central PA, western NY and Ohio by ca 1800. An Alexander Ewing arrived from County Donegal ca 1710 and d. in Cecil Co. MD in 1738 and a Nathaniel Ewing who immigrated ca 1720 and settled and died in 1748 in East Nottingham, Cecil Co. MD Dorothy Burt. The later ewings in Cecil Co MD are within a few miles of what would become the Mason Dixon Line on the Susquehanna river and a few more miles from Little Britain, Lancaster Co.

    1. Communication 2001, Dorothy Cook Burt and her ancestry from the 'Burt Congregation' of northern Irelend
  • Major migration routes were fertile river valleys and navigable water suppling ample food and water and reducing fatique from forging mountainous terrain. Pioneers immigrating to ports of NY and Philiadelphia in the late 1600's settled on or near the Delaware river in southeast PA and NJ. From these areas they could easily reach and follow the susquehanna valley of Lancaster co. to what is now Harrisburg and thence along the Juniata river valley west thru what is now Perry, Juniata, Huntingdon and Blair counties. Along the Susquehanna river in Lancaster Co. in 1790, Alexander and William Ewing were listed at the southern end of the county [Little Britain - Now Fulton Co.] adjacent to MD and Chester Co. PA. Several decades earlier farther upstream in Donegal/ W Hempsville (1738)and perhaps from NJ was Thomas Ewing, father of General James Ewing [died a short distance away in Wrights Ferry 1806 Franklin Ellis & Samuel Evans]. Descendants of either of these settlers could have taken the Juniata route into the heartland of PA and as far west as Pittsburgh.

    1. "History of Lancaster county with Biographical Sketches of many of its Pioneer and Prominent Men", Franklin Ellis and Samuel Evans, published by Evert & Pecks, Philadelphia 1883
    2. 'Carmichael' deed of 9 May 1787 with reference to Alexander Ewing
  • The descendant lines of Thomas Ewing (ca 1750-1800) of West Twp. are well documented Carson & Wooley and validated among the Will & Orphan Court records in Huntingdon County. The origins of Thomas of Huntingdon and the western connections of Alexander Ewing Jr.(b. ca 1763) of southeast PA require better substantiation than is provided by Carson and others. Their southeast PA connections, religious affiliations and birthdates suggest ancestral convergence

    1. "Our Ewing Heritage: with related families", Betty J Durbin Carson & Doris M. Durbin Wooley; Heritage Books, Inc.
    2. "History of Huntingdon and Blair Counties Pennsylvania", J. Simpson Africa, 1883
  • The 1790 census lists at least five Ewings in Huntingdon Co.: Alexander [sugg. by Africa], Thomas, John, Samuel and William; just two Ewing males in Lancaster Co.: Alexander [Sr? sugg by Carson] and William; and just three Ewings in Northumberland Co.: Alexander [Jrs? family sugg by Carson], Jasper ESQ and Thomas. In NY 1790 there is William Ewing of Genesee in Ontario Co. supposedly the brother of Alexander Jr who in turn was reported near Buffalo where he had built a cabin. Heritage Quest Online.

  • By 1800, there are at least ten Alexander Ewings listed, two of particular interest to the areas noted. Alexander by Africa remaining in Franklin Twp, Huntingdon and one in Little Britain of Lancaster Co. Could this be Sr. reported after his supposed death in 1799? An obvious presence of Alexander Jr is not detected and only one Alexander is listed in NY but in 1 wd of NY city. The ruggedness and unsettled nature of western PA where Alex Jr was reported as a trapper could have led to his absence.

  • The 1810 census has no apparent Alexander's enumerated in Huntingdon and only one in Little Britain of Lancaster Co. This is the time, Africa's Alexander returned to Lancaster (1809) to retrieve a family bible. He returns to Franklin twp, Huntingdon in 1820 but there still remains one Alexander in Little Britain of Lancaster Co. at time we might expect Alexander Jr to be in Indiana Carson and Wooley.